Comparison of Views between Muslims and Christians
Areas of Agreement:
God: There is one God who is creator and sustainer of the universe. He is infinite, all-knowing, all-powerful and the sovereign Judge.
Jesus: Jesus was sent from God and was without sin. He was born of a virgin. He healed the sick, raised the dead and is coming back a second time.
The Scriptures: The writings of Moses and the Old Testament prophets, and the New Testament Gospels, are divinely inspired.
Salvation: God will judge all men. Some will spend eternity in Heaven; others will spend eternity in Hell.
Areas of Disagreement:
Christians accept the Old and New Testaments (not just the Gospels).
- Accept the Torah (first 5 books of OT), the Psalms and the Gospels of the NT but believe all these portions of Scripture have been corrupted.
- Believe the Quran is Allah’s final, perfect revelation of His will to mankind and that it supersedes the Bible.
- Hold Hadith (collected sayings and actions of Muhammad) as authoritative.
- Believe Adam, created sinless, committed sin via disobedience and all humans born after him are born in sin.
- Declare that all stand condemned before God because of their sin.
- Say that the penalty for sin is death because of God’s holiness and justice.
- Believe there is no original sin.
- Define sin as a lack of obedience to Allah (failure to believe Islamic doctrine or follow the Five Pillars of Faith)
- Believe mankind is not sinful but weak, forgetful, and in need of a guide (the Quran) rather than a savior.
- Declare that He is fully God and fully man.
- Believe that He was crucified and raised to redeem mankind from sin.
- Say that He will return to judge the world and establish His kingdom.
- Reject His deity but accept the virgin birth.
- Revere him as a prophet of Allah who predicted the coming of Muhammad.
- Say that He did not die on the cross.
- Claim He will return to judge the world and proclaim Islam as the true and final religion.
- Believe salvation is obtained as a gift of God through faith in the atoning death of Christ alone, to pay the penalty for sin that we were unable to satisfy.
- Assert that those who have placed their faith in the finished work of Christ can be assured of their salvation.
- Believe salvation is obtained through obedience to Allah–belief in Islamic doctrine and fulfillment of the Five Pillars of Faith
- Believe there is no assurance of salvation.
- Assert that those who associate anything or anyone with Allah or who reject that Muhammad was his prophet can never be saved.